Updated on
Jan, 16 2024
Maryna Mkrtycheva
Written by
Kendall Coffey
Researched by

The arrest warrant has been issued. How quickly can you be added to the INTERPOL database?

Clients frequently ask how much time they have from the moment a court made a decision to arrest or sentence them in absentia, until INTERPOL  becomes aware of them.

In an attempt to answer this question, we have prepared some statistics for different countries. These data are taken from cases in which we participated and had access to INTERPOL documents. It should be noted, each INTERPOL file contains information about the date of the request for the publication of the red notice and the date of publication of the data in the system. Therefore, the following table is offered to your attention.

Requested country Data of arrest warrant / sentence Request for data publication Data of publication INTERPOL red notice 
Belarus  12.08.2016 22.12.2017 28.12.2017
Kenia  26.07.2021 03.09.2021 15.11.2021
Russia 25.09.2012 08.02.2016 09.02.2016
Russia 08.07.2019 22.11.2019 16.07.2020
Ukraine 01.09.2022 02.01.2023 22.09.2023
USA 27.11.2012 10.04.2015 13.04.2015
Kuwait  08.04.2014 08.02.2021 19.02.2021
Germany 15.05.2020 15.06.2020 16.06.2020
Iran 23.01.2023 22.03.2023 15.05.2023
Moldova 29.12.2015 29.02.2016 29.03.2016

Therefore, we can make some summaries from this information. First of all, this is the time period from the date a country submits a request to the Interpol Information system (IIS) for the publication of data, until they are recorded by the INTERPOL General Secretariat (IPGS).

As we can see, the fastest processing was for requests from Russia and Germany (1 day), but on the other case Russia (233 days), the United States (3 days), and Belarus (6 days), Kuwait (11 days), Moldova (30 days), Iran (54), Kenia (71 days), Ukraine (263 days).

However, it is difficult to understand what factors affect the speed of data processing and its publication in the INTERPOL system.

In addition, we can observe the period of time between the date of issue of the arrest warrant or the date of the court sentence and the date when the Interpol National Central Bureau (Interpol NCB) of the relevant country submits a request to the INTERPOL General Secretariat for the publication of a red notice. 

This table shows a very different time period: Belarus for more than 1 year, Kenya and Iran – 2 months, Ukraine – 4 months, Russia – 4 months in one case and more than 3 years in the other, the United States for more than 2 years, Germany – 1 month, and Kuwait for more than 6 years. So, the extremely different time  does not allow us to give a clear answer to the question of how long it takes. I think it depends on the effectiveness of the national law enforcement agencies and the tasks that are set in each particular case.

Maryna Mkrtycheva
Maryna Mkrtycheva
Maryna has extensive and profound legal experience in handling extradition cases, also as representing Clients in the ECHR and in front of the Interpol. Ms. Mkrtycheva is a recognized specialist in International Criminal Law, she has significantly contributed to the EU legislation development related to human rights regulations, also as to the implementation of the relevant EU standards in Eastern European countries.
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