Interpol UN special notice

Interpol UN special notice

The Interpol UN special notice is an international wanted person notice issued by Interpol at the request of the United Nations Security Council. It requires Interpol member countries to circulate information on suspects wanted in connection with terrorist acts to their law enforcement agencies and take steps to arrest and extradite them. The Interpol UN special notice was created in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks.

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Interpol UN special notice

The INTERPOL UN Security Council Special Notice is a crucial tool in international law enforcement. This type of INTERPOL Notice facilitates the enforcement of UN sanctions, the exchange of information, and the prevention of sanctions evasion. Established following the September 2001 attacks, these notices play a pivotal role in global security, though they are not without risks of misuse.

This article explains what’s a special notice Interpol, how they are related to the sanctions regime, and how to get legal assistance where necessary.

What is the Interpol United Nations Special Notice?

The Interpol United Nations Special Notice is a type of international alert for a wanted person issued jointly by Interpol and the United Nations. These notices are designed to inform member countries about individuals and entities that are subject to sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council.

The main purpose of these notices is to assist in the implementation of these sanctions, which can include measures like travel bans, asset freezes, and arms embargoes. That helps law enforcement agencies to take the necessary steps to arrest the person awaiting extradition.

Key Points about Interpol United Nations Special Notices:

  • Joint Issuance: These notices are issued collaboratively by INTERPOL and the UN Security Council.
  • Sanctions Information: They provide detailed information about sanctioned entities or individuals, including identifying information and the reasons for sanctions.
  • Global Reach: Distributed to all INTERPOL member countries, they facilitate international cooperation in enforcing UN sanctions.
  • Types of Sanctions: Sanctions can include travel bans, asset freezes, and restrictions on arms transfers, among other measures.
  • Enforcement Support: These notices help member countries identify and take action against sanctioned individuals or entities, ensuring compliance with UN Security Council resolutions.

Connection of Interpol United Nations Special Notice with Sanctions Committees

The connection between the Interpol United Nations Special Notice and the Sanctions Committees lies in enforcing and disseminating sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security through its Sanctions Committees. Here’s how they are linked:

Sanctions Committees: These committees are established by the UN Security Committee to oversee the implementation of specific sanctions regimes. Each committee is responsible for monitoring compliance with sanctions related to particular countries, entities, or activities, such as those related to terrorism, nuclear proliferation, or human rights violations.

Designation of Sanctions: The committees identify individuals, groups, and entities that should be subject to sanctions. These sanctions can include asset freezes, travel bans, and arms embargoes, among other measures.

Issuance of Special Notices: Once the Sanctions Committees have designated individuals or entities for sanctions, this information is provided to Interpol. Interpol then issues a United Nations Special Notice to its member countries. This notice contains detailed information about the sanctioned individuals or entities, including identifying information, reasons for the sanctions, and the specific measures to be enforced.

Dissemination and Enforcement: The Special Notice is distributed to all member countries, facilitating international cooperation in enforcing the sanctions. Law enforcement agencies, border control, and other relevant authorities use the information in the Special Notices to take appropriate action, such as denying entry to sanctioned individuals or freezing their assets.

Compliance and Monitoring: The Sanctions Committees rely on the cooperation of UN member states to implement and report on the enforcement of sanctions. The Interpol UN Notices help ensure that all member countries are aware of and can act on the sanctions, thus aiding the Sanctions Committees in monitoring compliance and effectiveness.

The purpose of the Interpol United Nations Special Notice

The primary purpose of the Interpol United Nations Special Notice is to facilitate the enforcement and implemenftation of sanctions imposed on person who comminted certain crimes that fall under Interpol’s scope of work. This collaboration between Interpol and the United Nations ensures that member countries are informed about individuals or entities subject to these sanctions, thereby aiding in maintaining international peace and security.

Impact of Interpol United Nations Special Notice

The primary purpose of these notices is to aid in the enforcement and implementation of sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council, helping to maintain international peace and security.

Impact:

  1. Enhanced Global Security: By facilitating the enforcement of UN sanctions, the notices help to prevent activities that threaten international peace and security, such as terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
  2. Increased Compliance: The notices improve compliance with UN sanctions by ensuring that all member countries have access to accurate and timely information about a sanctioned individual or entity.
  3. International Cooperation: The notices strengthen international cooperation among law enforcement and other authorities, making it more difficult for sanctioned individuals and entities to evade sanctions.
  4. Economic and Political Pressure: Sanctions, enforced through these notices, exert economic and political pressure on targeted individuals, groups, and entities, potentially leading to changes in behavior and policies.
  5. Asset Freezing and Travel Restrictions: The notices lead to the freezing of assets and imposition of travel restrictions on sanctioned individuals, reducing their ability to operate and move freely.
  6. Support for Human Rights and Rule of Law: By targeting individuals and entities responsible for serious violations of human rights or international law, the notices support global efforts to uphold human rights and the rule of law.

The success of INTERPOL’s UN Special Notices is a vital tool for international law enforcement. These notices extend Europol‘s and Interpol’s cooperation to other sanction committees, including those related to Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Libya, South Sudan, Haiti, and Guinea-Bissau. However, they are not without risks:

Misuse for Political Purposes: There is a risk that countries may attempt to use the notice system to pursue political opponents or dissidents under the guise of enforcing UN sanctions. This misuse can undermine the credibility of the notices and lead to wrongful targeting of individuals.

Lack of Due Process: Individuals and entities listed in the notices may not always have access to adequate legal recourse or due process. That can result in unfair treatment and significant personal or financial harm without a proper mechanism to challenge or appeal the designation.

False or Inaccurate Information: There is a possibility that the information provided to INTERPOL by UN Sanctions Committees may be outdated, inaccurate, or based on insufficient evidence. That can lead to wrongful inclusion of individuals or entities in the notices, with serious consequences for those affected.

Impact on Innocent Parties: The broad dissemination of these notices can have unintended consequences for innocent parties, such as family members or business associates of sanctioned individuals, who may face unwarranted scrutiny or restrictions.

When faced with an unlawful INTERPOL Special Notice, our attorneys will help you understand the intricacies of such INTERPOL UN Special Notices and appeal the sanctions imposed.

If you face an unlawful INTERPOL Special Notice, our experienced sanctions and INTERPOL lawyers can help. We understand the complexities of INTERPOL UN Special Notices and can assist in appealing against imposed sanctions. Contact us for expert legal assistance in navigating and resolving these legal challenges.

What is the purpose of an Interpol-UN Security Council Special Notice?
The primary purpose is to support the international community in enforcing UN Security Council sanctions aimed at preventing and suppressing terrorism. This includes helping member states identify and take appropriate actions against individuals and entities subject to sanctions.
How is an Interpol-UN Security Council Special Notice issued?
These notices are issued at the request of the UN Security Council, specifically its 1267 Committee, which oversees sanctions related to ISIL (Da'esh), Al-Qaida, and associated individuals, groups, undertakings, and entities. Interpol circulates these notices to its member countries to assist in the enforcement of sanctions.
Who can be the subject of a Special Notice?
Individuals and entities that are on the UN Security Council’s sanctions list, usually due to their involvement in terrorism or related activities.
Is a Special Notice publicly accessible?
Yes, these notices are publicly available. They are intended to inform both public authorities and the general public about individuals and entities under UN sanctions to ensure wide compliance.
Can a Special Notice be challenged or removed?
Yes, listed individuals and entities can petition for delisting through the UN’s Focal Point for Delisting. The process involves submitting a request for removal from the list, which the relevant UN Security Council Committee will review.
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