Bilateral treaties are agreements between two countries that establish extraditable offenses and the process by which offenders will be extradited. Many countries have bilateral treaties in place with neighboring countries in order to facilitate the extradition of criminals. Interpol Red Corner notices are issued for fugitives wanted for serious crimes, including murder, rape, and human trafficking. In order to extradite a fugitive who is the subject of a Red Corner notice, countries must have a bilateral treaty in place that includes extraditable offenses that match the charges against the fugitive. While bilateral treaties are not required in order for countries to extradite Interpol Red Corner offenders, they can make the extradition process simpler and more efficient. In some cases, bilateral treaties may also provide additional protections for the rights of the accused.
Extradition is the formal process whereby one country surrenders a suspected or convicted criminal to another country. Bilateral treaties are agreements between two countries that lay out the procedures for extraditing offenders. In many cases, bilateral treaties are necessary in order for extradition to take place. The Interpol Red Corner and Interpol Red Notice are two examples of situations where bilateral treaties may be required. The Interpol Red Corner is issued for fugitives wanted by a member state for prosecution, while the Interpol Red Notice is issued for fugitives wanted by a member state for extradition. In order for an offender to be extradited pursuant to an Interpol Red Corner or Interpol Red Notice, a bilateral treaty must typically be in place between the country seeking extradition and the country from which extradition is sought. As a result, bilateral treaties play an essential role in the extradition process for Interpol Red Corner and Interpol Red Notice offenders.